The medical tourism is a term invented by travel agencies and the media to describe the practice fast-growing movement across international borders to obtain health care. Such services typically include elective procedures as well as consulting firms specializing complex medical procedures such as joint replacement (knee / hip), cardiac surgery, dental surgery and plastic surgery. However, virtually every type health care, including psychiatry, alternative treatments, convalescent care and even funeral services are available. As a practical matter, suppliers and customers generally use the channels of communication without ceremony-connector-contract, and in these cases this tends to mean less inadvertently or legal standards to ensure quality and less formal appeal refund or repair, if necessary. A subset specialized medical tourism is tourism reproductive and supply outside breeding, which is the practice of traveling abroad to undergo in vitro fertilization, pregnancy and other alternative treatments assisted reproductive technology including the freezing of embryos for retro-production.
More than 50 countries identified as the medical tourism industry. However, accreditation and other measures of quality vary considerably across the globe, and there are risks and moral issues that make this method of access to medical care controversial. Factors that led to the growing popularity of travel medical
include the high cost of health care, long waiting times for certain procedures, ease and accessibility of international travel, and improvements in technology and standards of care in many countries. The medical tourists can enter anywhere in the world, including Europe, UK, Middle East, Japan, the USA and Canada. Because of their large populations, wealth comparatively high, high cost of health care or lack of options for health care locally, and increasingly large expectations of their populations
with regard to health care.
A great aspiration for medical travel is convenience and speed. Countries that operate systems of public health care are often imposed and that it may take considerable time to obtain medical care non-urgent. The time spent waiting for a procedure such as a hip replacement can be a year or more in Britain and Canada, but in Costa Rica,
Singapore, Hong Kong, Thailand, Cuba, Colombia, the Philippines or India, a patient have been feasible to have an operation the day after their arrival. The medical tourism for replacement knee / hip has emerged as one of the most widely accepted procedures because of the difficulties most inexpensive and minimum-related travel to / from surgery.
The global travel destinations popular medical include: Brunei, Cuba, Colombia, Costa Rica, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Jordan, Lithuania, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, and recently, Saudi Arabia , The UAE, Tunisia and New Zealand. The popular travel destinations for cosmetic surgery include: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Mexico and Turkey. In South America, countries such as wire Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia on medical qualifications of plastic surgery based on their experienced plastic surgeons. In some regions of the world, broader political problems can influence where medical tourists will choose to seek health care. The providers of health tourism has developed as intermediaries to unite tourists medical potential supplier to hospitals and other organizations. Companies are beginning to offer options comprehensive health care that will allow patients in North America and Europe for access to health care in the world at a fraction of the cost of home care.
Companies that focus on travel medical value typically provide managers case of the nurse to help patients pre-and post-travel of medical issues. They also help to provide resources for the task of monitoring the patient 's return The typical process is as follows: the person seeking medical treatment abroad comes into contact with a supplier of medical tourism. The supplier usually requires the patient to provide a medical report, including the nature of evil, the opinion of the local doctor, medical history, and diagnosis, and may request additional information. The doctors or counselors certified then give an opinion on medical treatment. The approximate cost, the choice of hospitals and tourist destinations, and length of stay, etc.., Is discussed. After the signing of links and agreements consent, the patient is given letters of recommendation for a medical visa to be obtained from the embassy concerned. The patient travel in the recipient country, where medical tourism provider assigns a case manager, who cares for the patient 's housing, treatment and any other form of care. Once treatment is done, the patient can stay in the house tourist destination or return.